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WINE LOVERS GLOSSARY

There are many different terms and words used relating to wine and wine production, the following is a glossary of some of these.  For ease of access I have created different pages for the various letters of the alphabet.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

Gamay : A red vine with white juice, exclusive to Beaujolais
Garde : A wine which keeps a long time, ages well and is worth leaving for a few years in order to fully enjoy.
Goutte : In the making of red wine, one talks about a "Vin de Goutte", a wine drawn directly from the barrel, in other words it is obtained before the pressing of the wine harvest. It is the opposite of "Vin de Presse" which is poured from the press.
Grafting : Callus point between two vine shoots. An operation made widespread after 1880, after the Phylloxera crisis, on American vinestock.
Grand wine : This corresponds to the first blended wine from the best selections of a Bordeaux "grand cru" (great wine)
Grape-variety : Word used to indicate the variety of the vine plant (Pinot, Riesling, etc....) The choice of the grape-variety or varieties is chief to the quality of the wine, this is why each region chooses the best suited to the particular soil. The ten biggest "classical" grape-varieties are: for red wines "cabernet sauvignon", "pinot noir", "merlot", "cabernet franc" and " syrah"; for white wines, "riesling", "chardonnais", gewurztraminer" "sauvignon blanc", and "muscat".
Grappa : Eau-de-Vie (digestive liqueur) produced in Italy
Graves : The white wines come from the Sauvignon and Sémillion grape varieties; the red wines from traditional Bordeaux varieties.
Greece : The strong Greek red wines are produced from grape varieties such as the "Mavrodaphne", the "Xinomavro" or even the "Liatiko".
Harmonious : Wine with a balanced level of alcohol acidity and sugar
Heady : Wine with a high alcohol content, warming
Heavy : Wine lacking in finesse, strong in alcohol and tannins
Hybrid : Said of a vine-plant which is the result of a cross between two distinct types of wine. If the two varieties which have been crossed are of the same family, an intraspecific hybrid is obtained; if they are of different families, an interspecific hybrid is obtained. The most widely spread crossbreeding is that of American and European species, which produces hybrids resistant to phylloxera. Unfortunately the wines which result from this are only of mediocre quality.
Hydrometer : Instrument for measuring the sugar content of the must.
Hygrometry : Rate of humidity in the air : for optimum conservation of a wine the level of hygrometry in the cellar should be about 70%.
I.N.A.O : Institut National des Appelletions d'Origine (National institut for Appelations of Origin); public organization whose role is to determine and inspect production conditions of French wines which have the "appellation d'origine contrôlée".
Iced / Chilled : Action consisting of cooling the wine.
Impériale (Big Bordeaux Bottle) : Bottle containing about 6 liters ( 8 bottles of normal size Bordeaux) and which is used for the conservation of the Great Bordeaux wines.
Incrustation : The formation of a crust on the wine, in particular with port

Click the relevant letter below for other terms and words

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

 

 

 

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